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Portrait

One of the types of painting is the portrait of a specific human. Portrait painting is a term which describes a real painted portrait. Portraits often depict important people of each era when in many cases, apart from being artistic, they were also historically important. In many cases they were also family heirlooms or memories.

Portrait

One of the types of painting is the portrait of a specific human. Portrait painting is a term which describes a real painted portrait. Portraits often depict important people of each era when in many cases, apart from being artistic, they were also historically important. In many cases they were also family heirlooms or memories.

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From the noble and rich to middle class habits

The truth is that portrait paintings mainly depicted the rich and powerful. In the following years, however, it became more common for middle-class people to have family members painted. Today portrait painting continues to be commissioned by government, companies, groups and individuals. In a portrait, the artist seeks to reflect and render his model as accurately as possible, so that it is clearly recognizable later by those who see it.

Is a portrait a failure if it simply conveys literal resemblance? The truth is that a well-executed first portrait also shows the inner essence of the subject, of course from the artist’s point of view always. The purpose of this art type is to convey inner meaning, character and moral quality of a person and not something temporary or accidental.

There are indications that the first portraits were created in prehistoric times, although few have survived to this day. The ancients, especially in Egypt, painted the leaders or rulers in a very stylized way, while most of the works were made on stone, metal, clay, plaster or crystal.

In some Chinese portrait paintings dated back to around 1000 BC, there were not given the detailed resemblance, a fact that later changed. On the other hand, ancient Greek painting included portraits that were in many cases very expensive due to their used materials. A strong tradition of portraits associated with religious use and Roman politics developed in Roman times.

Portraits as classical and timeless paining technique

In the Middle Ages, portraits were portraits of donors, where there was a portrait inside a larger painting, or a separate portrait was created depicting the person who commissioned the work.

Later in 1350 – 1400 artworks appeared on wood, until the well-known canvas emerged in the 16th century. The development of the personalized portrait reaches its heights of the Middle Ages in the 15th century, with Dutch painting. In Renaissance times, painting reached another level of finesse. It was the era of many great artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Michel Angelo and Raphael. The painters of that time surpassed the mentality of the previous ones and were considered geniuses. It was undoubtedly a fertile ground for people who developed new techniques and being very innovations. Portrait creation is a classic and timeless theme in painting.

Many painters today choose to deal with them and are inspired by the modern era and beyond, to create unique portraits. Some of them can be found at Apeironart, we invite you to discover them.

 

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